Sunday, 20 December 2015

FOSI Newsletter, Issue #73, December 2015

FOSI Newsletter, Issue #73, December 2015

In this issue
  • The Sand Mining Repeal Bill
  • Council Progress on Point Lookout Reserve
  • Fox action gets results.
  • Sea turtles nesting on Straddie
  • Summer guide
  • Shorebirds in the news for all the wrong reasons!
  • Updates

The Sand Mining Repeal Bill

The long awaited Bill to repeal the Newman amendments to the 2011 Bligh Government’s North Stradbroke sand mining legislation was introduced into parliament on 3 December. The Bill, if passed, will restore the 2019 end date for the “Enterprise” sand mine and impose a restricted mine path of 344 hectares. The Bill was immediately referred by the government to a parliamentary committee, for further consideration. It is to report to parliament by 31 March, 2016. The Bill will then be debated and voted on.  The closing date for submissions is 29 February.


In April 2011 the Bligh government extended mining at the Enterprise mine to December, 2019 but restricted it to 198 hectares.  Three months later it increased the restricted mine path to 337 hectares. In 2013 the Newman government removed the restricted mine path altogether and allowed Sibelco, but not until 2019, to apply to extend the leases again, this time to 2035. Sibelco only applied for extensions to 2027!  
When FOSI stepped up its opposition to sand mining in 2009, a number of key mining leases had either expired or were about to expire. FOSI had called upon the Minister, Stephen Robertson, to reject Sibelco’s applications to renew them. Legal advice indicated that in the special circumstances applying on North Stradbroke, it would be unreasonable to renew the leases.  Had the minister renewed the leases under the existing laws, FOSI and other objectors had the right to challenge the decisions in the Supreme Court. Legal advice indicated that objectors had good prospects of success.  
But instead of applying and making decisions under the existing expired mining lease law and allowing the courts to adjudicate challenges, the Bligh government in 2011 passed the North Stradbroke Island Protection and Sustainability Act. It extended expired mining leases at the Enterprise mine to 31 December, 2019 and at the Vance mine to 31 October, 2025. As acknowledged later by Stephen Keim SC and others, the Act extinguished the legal rights of FOSI and other objectors. It also breached fundamental legislative principles designed to discourage interference with and protect legal rights. This created a dangerous precedent later exploited by the Newman government which extinguished objection rights elsewhere.
Incidentally, it was conceded by the Bligh government in the explanatory notes to the 2011 legislation that mining could not have continued at the Enterprise mine without the renewal of ML 1117, which had expired in October, 2007.
Sibelco wanted the expired Enterprise mining leases to be renewed until 2027. The special legislative extension to the end of 2019 was therefore the ultimate compromise – half way between 2011 and 2027.

The current Bills

Recalling this history is helpful in dismissing the claim by the Katter party that its proposed Bill to extend mining to 2024 represents a fair “compromise”. The Katter Bill has also been referred to the parliamentary committee, to be considered at the same time as the Government’s Bill. The Bills and their explanatory notes are accessible via the parliamentary committee’s webpage, linked in the first paragraph above if you are reading this electronically.  
The FOSI committee will provide members with further information in the new year regarding making submissions. Because FOSI strongly opposes sand mining and the environmental and aboriginal cultural heritage destruction it causes, the FOSI submission will emphatically oppose the Katter Bill and support the government’s proposed repeal of the Newman amendments. This does not of course mean that FOSI now supports the 2011 Act. The destruction of almost three and a half square kilometres is still far too much.
FOSI has worked hard in urging the government to honour its pre-election promise to repeal the Newman amendments, and to impose a restricted mine path and to use means other than mining leases to ensure that Sibelco rehabilitates mined land. The Bill provides, if required, for rehabilitation obligations to be facilitated by an amendment to the Mineral Resources Act which will permit Sibelco to access mined land no longer under mining lease.   
The explanatory notes, at page 10, acknowledge FOSI’s input, which was via correspondence and meetings:-
Between April and December 2015, consultation on the policy intent of the Bill was undertaken with the Quandamooka Yoolooburrabee Aboriginal Corporation, the current mining operator (Sibelco Australia Limited), the Friends of Stradbroke Island, the Straddie Chamber of Commerce, and the Redland City Council.
FOSI representatives were also invited to a briefing by the Environment Department on the day the Bill was introduced but we did not see the Bill until after it was tabled in parliament.

The economic transition strategy and jobs package

On the same day the Bill was introduced, the Palaszczuk government separately launched an economic transition strategy. This is a quote:-
“The Queensland Government has allocated $20 million to drive this strategy and facilitate stakeholder co-investment to deliver a sustainable economy. The strategy is further supported by an additional $3.87 million in-kind Queensland Government contribution for identified actions and $5 million to help mine workers pursue new employment opportunities”.
An online consultation survey remains open until 5 February also via  Members may recall the last newsletter’s information about job losses on the island after 2019 totalling fewer than 86, not the hundreds claimed by Sibelco and its chief ally, Mark Robinson MP.

Council Progress on Point Lookout Reserve

Council has now completed repairs to the Gorge walk and access to South Gorge beach appears to have been restored in time for the holidays – see September newsletter.
The collapse at South Gorge has taken the council many months to deal with and looks like an engineering solution not at all pleasing to the eye. Could the appearance of the rock pile be tempered with some planting?
Meanwhile, continuing the overbuilt theme, re-construction of the Gorge walk on the northern side is complete but in at least one place, the work is appalling. The photo below was taken by one FOSI member with the comment:

“It is on the gorge track, north side, first part heading west after descending from the dolphin lookout point.The tree is very vulnerable – the tensional fibres that resist wind loading have been removed from one half of the trunk – now just a matter of time before a NE wind will break it and send it across the pandanus immediately below – which in consequence will quite probably split the pandanus. It really is unbelievable that someone working in that environment would do such a thing. I am even more gobsmacked that a tradesman working with timber would do such a thing. It shows that protection of the environment needs to be front and centre of any construction contract.”

Another member has reported the appearance of a working trampoline in the bush near the Deadmans quarry!
If members notice any other problems in the Reserve please let the FOSI committee know. FOSI believes that the Heritage listing of the Point Lookout Reserve and the high standards that entails should be defended assiduously.
Postscript prior to print:
The tree has been felled after FOSI drew the Council's attention to the situation.
This was a healthy, hardy mature casuarina whose demise was caused by the poor planning of this walkway.

Fox action gets results.

The severity of the fox and feral cat problem on Minjerribah is becoming more clear as new figures reveal the massive number of foxes that have been caught on the island since control activities started in late 2009.
As at November 2015 a total of 415 foxes have been killed (230 trapped and 185 baited). 15 feral cats have also been removed. What is even more disturbing is that this number has been caught on only a relatively small area of the island. While RCC has been consistently working to control foxes in the townships since 2009, there are many parts of the island where there has been no work at all.
The central - southern island under extensive mining leases has only just started to see some fox control action by the sandmining company after years of neglect by Sibelco of their feral pest management responsibilities.
So while it’s terrific these destructive foxes and cats have been caught, the numbers indicate the size of the ongoing problem which must be dealt with.
Total population estimate for the island is 1,000+ foxes. The huge remaining population of foxes continues to place the island’s wildlife under severe predatory pressure. Unfortunately, the threat of local extinctions of terrestrial animal populations is much greater on islands as there is nowhere for the animals to escape to and new populations are unable to move onto the island.
Small animals, weighing between 35 and 5500 grams are at the greatest risk. On Straddie these animals include the cute Northern Brown Bandicoots, Agile Wallabies, young dependent koalas separated from their mothers and the rare Water Mouse. Foxes also hunt ground-nesting and feeding birds, lizards and frogs, including the island’s special acid frogs which live in the lakes and swamps. Even ocean dwelling animals are at risk, as over summer, foxes regularly attack the beach nests of the endangered Loggerhead Turtles and kill the newly hatched turtles. The fox impacts on island wildlife are amplified by feral cats which can climb trees to feed on gliders and birds in their nests and hollows.
So while it’s good to see that action has finally started, it’s critical that all responsible land holders build on this early success and commit money and resources ‘over many years and all over the island’. Minjerribah is a small island- these feral predators can be eliminated as they have been on other Australian islands. Minjerribah’s special and vulnerable wildlife deserve nothing less.
You can help by reporting any foxes you see – In the township areas phone Redland City Council Fox Control on 0404 150 809. Call Qld Parks and Wildlife Service for all bushland and beach sightings, Straddie Camping for any camp sightings of foxes or cats, SEQ Water for sightings around Bummeira (Brown Lake) and Sibelco for any spotted on their leases.
Article by Mary Barram

Sea turtles nesting on Straddie

A highlight of each summer on Straddie is the small number of engendered Loggerhead Turtles and Green Turtle which come ashore to nest on Straddie’s ocean beaches. 17 nests were recorded during last summer (2014-2015).
The generations of female turtles return to the same nesting beaches where they were born, often within a few kilometres of their hatching site. On Straddie, Loggerhead Turtles nest from late October, reaching a peak in late December and finish nesting in late February or early March. Mating occurs in waters off Point Lookout and the first nests are usually spotted at the beginning of December. The female turtle hauls herself up on to the beach at night and makes her way up past the high tide mark to the base of the dunes where she digs a hole with her hind flippers and lays a clutch of approximately 125 eggs. She then fills the hole with sand and makes her way back to the sea, leaving the eggs unattended. The female returns every 2 weeks near her first egg-laying site to lay more clutches.
If you are lucky enough to come across a nesting turtle (or turtle hatchlings scrambling to the water), stay well back and keep dogs away. Don’t handle the turtles or hatchlings. Nesting sea turtles are easily disturbed and upset by dogs, human noise, flash photography and lights being shone on them. If they are frightened they can turn back to the ocean before finishing nesting. Hatchlings making their way to the sea can be confused by torch lights and head in the wrong direction away from the water.
Sadly last year five of the nests were predated by foxes (three nests were completely consumed). Committed island volunteers who aim to protect the nests and hatchlings monitor the nests. If you come across tracks or a nest let the volunteers know its location, by contacting the University of Queensland’s Moreton Bay Research Station or call the turtle carer number listed on information signs near the beaches.

Summer guide

Minjerribah is alive with wildlife over summer. Here are just some of the season’s highlights to look out for.


  • Dolphins with calves.
  • Bull rays, manta rays, eagle rays, guitar sharks, spotted wobbegongs and octopus at the offshore reefs
  • Summer seabirds such Wedge-tailed Shearwaters, Brown Boobys and Little Terns flying offshore.
  • Dugongs calving in their Moreton Bay nursery grounds.
  • Spanish Mackerel season (February).


  • Loggerhead turtles breeding and laying eggs on ocean beaches (late Oct-early Mar). Hatchlings heading for the ocean (mid-Jan to mid-Apr).
  • Double-banded Plovers foraging on the beaches after flying in from New Zealand.
  • Coastal Banksia and Spider Lilies in flower.
  • Beach-stone Curlews nesting and calling at night
  • Flocks of White-throated Needletails flying fast in the airspace above sand dunes before summer storms

In the Bush

  • Koala breeding season— male koalas bellowing and on the move (Sept.–March)
  • Nomadic Little Red Flying-foxes visiting the island following flowering trees
  • Floury Baker cicadas heard all day on hot summer days.
  • Pacific Koels and Channel-billed Cuckoos calling
  • Eastern Blossom Bats giving birth to pups
  • Pink and Red Bloodwoods and White Stringybarks in flower. Blueberry Ash and Midjimberry fruiting. Blotched Hyacinth Orchid and Fringed Lily flowering in the under storey.
  • In the Rainforest Picabeen Palms fruiting and Pink Euodia in flower.
  • Squirrel Glider litters born over spring and summer
  • Lace Monitor goannas laying egg clutches, often in excavated termite nests.

By the swamps, creeks and lakes

  • Frog breeding season - male Cooloola Sedgefrogs Scarlet-sided Pobblebonk and Wallum Froglets calling to attract a mate after rain.
  • Young Longfin Eels (elvers) migrating from the sea into the island’s creeks.
  • Eastern long-necked turtles laying eggs in the banks of island lakes.
  • Blue Tongue and Wallum Boronia in flower, Common Sundew with insectivorous flowers.
  • Dragonflies on the wing.

In the mangrove forests, saltpans and on the mudflats

  • Migratory shorebirds feasting on the mudflats at low tide.
  • Water Mice building up their nest mounds with fresh mud to protect them against high ‘spring’ tides over summer.
  • Mangroves and Cotton Trees flowering and Ruby Saltbush fruiting
  • Far Eastern Curlews setting off for their Siberian breeding grounds - the first waders to leave in February.

Shorebirds in the news for all the wrong reasons!

Two once common, iconic Australian shorebirds that visit North Stradbroke beaches and tidal wetlands over summer have been added to the critically endangered list by the Commonwealth. The far eastern curlew the largest migratory shorebird in the world, known for using the length of its extraordinary bill to work deep down into mud and sand after prey, and its smaller cousin, the curlew sandpiper, are the first shorebirds on the list.
The curlew sandpiper and eastern curlew both migrate from Australia each year during our winter to Arctic Russia where they breed, stopping off in China, Korea and other East Asian countries to refuel along the way. These amazing migrations are among the most awe-inspiring journeys of the natural world, with birds covering tens of thousands of kilometres each year. One bird, banded in Victoria, was next reported from Yakutyia in Siberia, 11,812 kms distant.
However, population numbers of these curlews have crashed as a result of development along their migratory routes. Across the country there has been an 81 per cent decline in curlews over three generations, and an 82 per cent decline in curlew sandpipers. Building developments (reclamation of tidal wetlands), over feeding grounds along the route particularly along the Yellow Sea between China and the Korean peninsula, mean these birds have lost many of the mud flats on which they probe for food.
The advice supporting the listing proposes international action to prevent the destruction of more migratory staging sites along the flyway – and better protection in Australia, including temporarily closing beaches when they are present. Threats in Australia, especially eastern and southern Australia, include ongoing human disturbance, habitat loss from coastal development and recreational activities and degradation from pollution, changes to the water regime and invasive plants.
On Stradbroke we need to act to protect our remaining curlews. In particular we can minimise disturbance at their most accessible high tide roost at Bradbury’s Beach, Dunwich and their feeding grounds on the mudflats off Dunwich, Myora and Amity. We need to keep our distance and keep dogs well away.
Article by Mary Barram


Federal investigation into Enterprise Mine

FOSI was advised in August that the Federal Environment Department's three year long investigation (into whether the Enterprise mine was a lawful or unlawful operation under the EPBC Act) was "nearing completion." But nothing has been heard since then. FOSI wrote to the department in September, 2012 attaching a copy of Dr Errol Stock's report that the mine was causing significant impacts to the 18 mile swamp section of Ramsar wetlands. In February this year, FOSI sent the department and the Minister, Greg Hunt, a further report from Dr Stock that the mine has also caused a significant impact to the Ramsar wetlands to the west of the mine - the Ibis lagoon system. The mine commenced in 2004 without being referred for approval under the EPBC Act 1999.

Sibelco prosecution

Queensland’s Department of Environment has not appealed the Magistrate’s decision to dismiss the criminal charges against Sibelco on technical grounds. The department’s five year long prosecution was a waste of time and money. As member Richard Carew put it in a Brisbane Times article, published in April, Sibelco was charged with the wrong offences. Which begs the question, why did the department prosecute offences for which Sibelco could not be convicted? And, why isn’t Sibelco being prosecuted for offences for which it could be convicted?

Promised Inquiry into legislative favours

During an interview with Jessica Van Vonderen on ABC TV news on 13 December, Premier Palaszczuk said that the Attorney-General is finalising the terms of reference for the inquiry and action is expected next year. The LNP government’s “cash for legislation” deal involving Sibelco was at the forefront of media reports which led to the promise for an inquiry.

Toondah Harbour EPBC Act referral

A copy of FOSI’s submission to the Federal Environment Minister was emailed to members on 9 December. A fundamental issue raised is the astonishing absence of a management plan for the Moreton Bay Ramsar site, twenty two years after the site was listed. The EPBC Act and the Ramsar convention require management plans "to promote the wise use and conservation of wetlands."


On October 29 the Brisbane Times (and the Redland City Bulletin) published an article by member Richard Carew -
The article responded to confirmed news reports, particularly in the Australian,that the member for Cook, Billy Gordon, said he might not support the repeal of the Newman amendments to the Stradbroke sand mining legislation. This was before the government announced an additional $8 million to support the transition, making a total of $28 million over four years.

EPBC Act amendment

The Liberal Party controlled committee recommended the passing of the Bill to remove extended legal standing for environment groups and others wishing to challenge decisions. The Labor and Green Senators dissented. FOSI's submission is mentioned in the Labor senators' report at page 31.
The majority of senators reportedly are against the proposed interference with current judicial review rights so the Bill is unlikely to be passed by the senate.  

Straddie Style Exhibition

The Redland Art Gallery's very successful exhibition of innovative contemporary Straddie beach architecture is now on display at the NSI Historical Museum in Dunwich, so if you missed it, this is another good reason to visit our local museum. 

Town plan submission

As members were advised by email, FOSI’s submission on the draft Redlands plan was based on expert advice, which was attached to our submission. The current town plan (2006) incorporated special building and landscape codes for Point Lookout, which were drawn from the superseded Development Control Plan, DCP3. The FOSI submission urges the Council to include these same Point Lookout codes and to adopt similar codes for the other townships on Stradbroke to preserve the special character. 

Merry Christmas!

Friends of Stradbroke Island would like to wish everyone a
safe and joyous Christmas and a properous New Year

----------- Please support FOSI’s ongoing work ------------
Friends of Stradbroke Island relies on the generosity of our members to fund our work.
We continue to highlight the increasing environmental damage caused by land clearing, sand mining, hydrological changes, plastic and feral animals on North Stradbroke Island. Donations are integral to help fund our ongoing public information and education campaigns and to help fund relevant scientific research.
All donations to the Environment Fund are tax deductible - please contact us to find out how.

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Wednesday, 23 September 2015

FOSI Newsletter, Issue #72, September 2015

FOSI Newsletter, Issue #72, September 2015

In this issue
  • Premier to protect Straddie environment from sand mining
  • Minjerribah’s sandy wallabies
  • Council Orange Tape
  • The Eastern Long-Necked Turtle
  • Updates

Premier Palaszczuk to protect Straddie environment from sand mining
A 2019 end to sand mining has been confirmed by the Palaszczuk Government
In January this year the Labor party promised that, if elected, it would “immediately repeal the disgraceful North Stradbroke Island Protection and Sustainability Act Amendment Act 2013“.
The promised repeal is now overdue. But for the first time, Premier Palaszczuk has personally publicly confirmed that her government will end sand mining in 2019.

Newman Government’s controversial changes

The Newman Government amendments controversially allowed for a further extension of sand mining to occur in 2019 and also removed a 2011 restricted mine path of 337 hectares, permitting land clearing and the destruction of at least an additional seven square kilometres of bushland and ancient sand dunes integral to the island’s complex hydrology and wetlands.

What Premier Palaszczuk said about sand mining

Premier Palaszczuk’s statements can be read in this extract from the mid-August edition of a Moreton Bay Islands publication, The Friendly Bay Islander. These are quotes, with bold added:
The Labor party has had a long-standing commitment to transition North Stradbroke Island away from sand mining, with an end to mining operations by 2019. We held this commitment in Government, the commitment never wavered in Opposition, and we will deliver on our commitment now that we are back in Government.
In our view, North Straddie is not just a workplace, it’s an environmental wonder. We must make the tough decisions now in order to protect the island for generations to come. We are willing to make these tough decisions because we need to confront the stark reality that the longer sand mining continues on North Straddie the more damage it will do to the environment over the long term.

Legislative changes

Of course, to enhance environmental protection, an end date well before 2019 was called for. That outcome would have occurred if the Bligh Government had declined to renew key expired mining leases. Instead, it used special legislation to renew these expired mining leases. This extinguished the appeal rights of opponents to renewal.
Normally, government renewal of expired mining leases is subject to Supreme Court review. Before the Bligh Government passed the new law in 2011 specifically to renew Stradbroke expired mining leases, Friends of Stradbroke Island (FOSI), indigenous owners and others had strong legal advice that opponents to lease renewals had good prospects of overturning renewal in the Supreme Court.
However, the repeal of the Newman amendments by the Palaszczuk Government will at least restore the July 2011 restricted mine path (NSI 2) of 337 hectares. This will save many square kilometres of ancient sand dunes, aboriginal cultural heritage and habitat of threatened animals and plants from being destroyed. That will be worth celebrating.
Because the mining company has, since the election, cleared an area for mining outside the boundaries of NSI 2, we hope the repeal occurs very soon to prevent further damage beyond the July 2011 permitted area.

Friends of Stradbroke Island (FOSI)

The April 2015 newsletter of Friends of Stradbroke Island (FOSI) includes comment on the connection between island sand mining issues and the January 31 State election result. Links to a selection of media articles and current affairs television programs about Stradbroke sand mining and related issues are listed on page 3 of the newsletter, which is also available on the FOSI website.
President of FOSI
as published, 30 August 2015 on Redlands 2030
Minjerribah’s sandy wallabies
The Agile Wallaby is a pretty and gregarious mammal that lives on North Stradbroke Island. This little wallaby is much more common in Northern Australia; the island population is part of a precious remnant of a near-extinct pre-European southern Australian distribution of the species. In South East Queensland it is now only found on Minjerribah, South Stradbroke Island, Woogoompah, Hope Island, Coomera and Jacob’s Well. Sadly while it was once relatively common on the Island, it is now a rarer sight, most likely due to predation by foxes and dog attacks and destruction of habitat for sandmining.
This little wallaby is also known as the Sandy Wallaby because of its sandy coloured head, body and tail. It has a white underbody, black edges on its ears and a dark stripe on its forehead. A distinguishing white stripe goes across each cheek and also its thighs and it has a dark tip on its tail. The male stands about 80cm tall with a tail of a similar length, and can weigh up to 17kg. The smaller female has a height of about 70cm and ranges from 9-15kg in weight. The island is also home to the more common and usually solitary Swamp Wallaby with its darker fur and distinctive black muzzle.
Agile Wallabies live in small groups in dry open forests, dunes, heath and grassland; however they are also very happy in their own company. Generally seen in groups when feeding in open areas-this is a behaviour that may help with spotting predators .The females like to gather together in small mobs of up to 10 individuals to share feeding and resting areas. Males can be seen having sparring bouts and checking out the ladies, while the mothers may be interacting with their young. The wallabies are highly vigilant and have a nervous disposition, stamping their feet when alarmed.
The wallabies have been sighted at Brown Lake and in southern parts of the Island, near fresh water and around the margins of 18 Mile Swamp. An interesting fact about wallabies (and kangaroos) is that on land they cannot move their hind legs independently of each other, however when they are swimming, they kick each leg independently. The late afternoons, dusk and early mornings are when they are most active, typically hiding in dense cover during the heat of the day but they may forage in the open during the day too. As strict herbivores, they have a digestive system like cows and use symbiotic microbes to assist digestion. Their diet consists of grasses, sedges, leaves and fruit and they will dig up grass roots with very agile paws.
Breeding occurs at any time of the year, with the female becoming receptive soon after giving birth. Male behaviour at this time includes play fighting, leaping in the air and sinuously lashing his tail and generally showing off in front of her. After mating, the gestation period is 30 days, after which the baby is born and heads straight for the mother’s pouch where it remains for 7-8 months until weaned at 12-14 months. The female can become pregnant whilst still carrying a young one in the pouch. The newly fertilised embryo ceases cell division and becomes dormant until the pouch is vacated. This ability allows the wallaby to breed rapidly. Males are reproductively mature at 12-14 months. The wallabies have a lifespan of approximately 13 years.
Watching a wallaby feeding whilst its joey fumbles around in her pouch is a special experience. When wild animals seem so placid it is tempting to get closer, touch and even feed them. With regular feeding they then tend to approach people for food. They readily accept our presence if we show no aggression towards them; if we are too close we are seen as a threat and can be hurt. It is strongly recommended that wild animals, including wallabies are not fed or approached. It is not good for them or for us.

What you can do to protect these gentle animals?

  • Keep all dogs under control. It is particularly important that beach campers in bush areas keep their dogs on leads, as required by Straddie Camping, Dogs and cats should be indoors at night.
  • Report any fox sightings to Redland City Council. Follow recommended speed limits and keep to them on the Island
  • Support the end of land clearing for sandmining and the preservation of all habitat on the island.
Photograph of the Agile Wallaby on South Stradbroke Island taken by Gary Cranitch. Thanks to the Queensland Museum, Article by Angela McLeod

Council Orange Tape

The Redland City Council has responsibility for the beautiful reserve which covers the coastal dunes and headlands of Point Lookout. A large part of this area including the Gorge was listed under the Queensland Heritage Register in 2004 due to the efforts of Friends of Stradbroke Island. The reserve now co-exists with non-exclusive aboriginal land tenure, with the RCC still responsible for its management. The proliferation of  the Council’s orange tape over this vulnerable landscape is causing community concern.
South Gorge
In January this year during a wet season event a torrent of water damaged the entry to South Gorge (aka the Bathing Gorge). The stairs were damaged, the footpath above undermined and the path between the dunes gouged out. Since then the entry to this popular beach has been orange taped by Council and has remained inaccessible for some 8 months. We can only hope news from Council that $180,000 has been allocated for repairs will result in the beach being useable this summer and that this will be a long lasting solution.

Queuing for the (3) toilets!
The toilet block with 3 toilets replaced a tired old building which at least contained 12 toilets. This doesn’t seem like planning for the future or even the present.  The structure is large enough for proper facilities. What went wrong here?
The Gorge Walk
Our “world class” walkway has not been without its critics. The verandah style slats have removed the lovely ocean vistas that were enjoyed while approaching vantage points.  Board riders comment that the natural hillsides once visible from their vantage point out on the waves are now dominated by a heavy man- made structure. The timber walkway is considered by many to be overbuilt and the structure itself is now showing signs of a lack of planning consideration for its delicate setting. The recent toppling of a she oak directly undermining supporting timbers of one viewing platform. It appears that the roots of this lovely tree bravely clinging to the rocky slope were compromised when the deck was built. This platform was closed off with the ubiquitous orange tape that seems to have bedecked Point Lookout this year.
New extensions to the walkway on the northern side in recent months saw the building of further timber structures and a section of decidedly unnatural “crazy paving”. Surprisingly vegetation was removed to create a “zipway” to move building materials downhill to the work site. The sandy hillside was not stabilized or replanted afterwards and another washout has occurred- still needing remediation
The Redland City Council has some work cut out for it to have the high use major ‘tourist attractions’ of the Island ready for the increase in population over the coming summer months.
With work on upgrading more pathways in the Point Lookout Coastal Reserve now under consideration it appears lessons need to be learnt. The series of structural and planning inadequacies associated with the management of this Heritage Listed Reserve so far doesn’t bode well.

The Eastern Long-Necked Turtle

An intriguing island inhabitant

Turtles are one of the most ancient and appealing reptiles, generally considered shy and introverted. The Eastern Long-necked Turtle is one of the two freshwater turtle species found on North Stradbroke Island. The turtle is aptly named because its long slender neck is almost as long as its body. However gentle they are to humans, this neck is its mighty weapon, with which it ambushes passing prey and strikes like a snake with its mouth open.
The Eastern Long-necked Turtle was the first to be described and collected by Sir Joseph Banks during Captain Cook’s first voyage along the East coast of Australia. Easily recognised, the body is about 25cm long and the shell is divided into two. The upper part or ‘the carapace’ is flat and smooth and coloured various shades of brown, whereas underneath is creamy yellow with black lines. Its feet are webbed for swimming and features strong claws for tearing at food. It has a third transparent eyelid, present in all freshwater turtles, which enables it to see underwater.
Most of the time it lives in the water and can stay below the surface for 2 to 3 hours, using its lungs to help control its buoyancy. However, it travels overland and climbs well, searching for new waterholes or nesting areas. It lives in freshwater lakes, ponds, lagoons and swamps - of which there are plenty on North Stradbroke Island.
This little turtle has another effective weapon to protect itself when threatened – it ejects a pungent liquid from a musk gland in its armpits and groin, which surely frightens off its predators, hence its nickname ‘Stinker’. Feeding takes place only in water and being carnivorous, its diet consists of crustaceans, tadpoles, frogs, small fish, worms and molluscs. With no teeth, its jaws are hard and horn-like, suited for biting into crustaceans and tiny bones.
It regulates its own body temperature and basks in the sun, stretching out its back legs to gain maximum contact with warm surfaces and then pops back into the water to cool down and maintain its body temp at 23 to 32 degrees Celsius. Breeding takes place in the late spring and summer. The Eastern Long-necked Turtle’s senses of vision, smell and hearing are highly developed and they communicate by a wide range of vocalisations that are too soft for humans to hear.
To attract a mate, the male displays aggressive behaviour by biting his chosen girlfriend on her limbs and the back of her neck until she
responds. No way to win a lady! He also swims backward in front of her, fanning with his forelimbs for hours around her face and neck. To make up for his bad behaviour, he mates with her vertically in water and gently caresses her shell with his front legs.
The female usually lays 1 to 3 clutches of eggs a year and chooses an overcast and rainy afternoon to lay. She makes nests on the banks of lakes, creeks or swamps, well above the water level. A clutch may consist of 6 to 30 eggs which may incubate between 46 and 123 days. As part of the natural food chain, the freshwater turtle’s eggs are preyed upon by the island’s Lace Monitors and crows while White-bellied Sea Eagles will reportedly opportunistically feed on the adult turtles themselves. The hatchlings will hatch after rain so that the soil is soft above the nesting chamber making it easier to climb out. They are very vulnerable at this stage and can be eaten by birds, goannas and Water Rats as they make their way to the water. Full maturity is reached at 10 years of age and if they are lucky, they can live for 35 years or more. Females can store sperm in their bodies over winter to take advantage of good laying conditions and to establish new locations.
Although currently considered a common species, these ancient reptiles can be impacted by careless human activity when they mistakenly consume as food rubbish such as plastic bags, cigarette butts and fishing hooks. However, the most widespread conservation concern for this turtle across Australia is nest predation by foxes. A huge 49 percent of nests are estimated to be destroyed in areas where foxes are active. Female turtles are especially at risk from fox predation when they are exposed and vulnerable, away from the protection of the lakes and swamps, when searching for nesting places. As freshwater turtles take so long to reach maturity, coordinated fox control across the whole island is a necessary way to protect these notable residents of the island’s lakes and swamps.

Photos by John Roe
Article by Angela McLeod

The Spring Wildflowers Season in Full Swing - Pink leptospermum
Pair of Immature Whistling Kites


Investigation into Enterprise mine drags on

The Federal environment department’s investigation is now three years old with no decision whether Sibelco is mining unlawfully in breach of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act. This was raised by FOSI in its submission to a Senate committee inquiry into the Federal Government’s proposed restrictions on environment groups challenging decisions made by the Minister under the EPBC Act.  FOSI’s submission is number 34 -

Job losses or gains?

Sibelco and its ally Mark Robinson MP claim ending sand mining in 2019 will cause “sackings” of 600. Less than two years ago an official government economic analysis estimated that from 2015 there would be 107 full time equivalent jobs, direct and indirect, from Sibelco’s island operation. Only 86 of these would be on the island, with 21 elsewhere in SE Qld. A Newman Government controlled parliamentary committee (ie Mark Robinson’s colleagues) accepted this advice, rejecting Sibelco’s exaggerated job loss claims eg see page 7 of the committee’s report and footnote 18 on that page. Of the 86 jobs on the island, many will continue to be filled by mainland residents. The Toondah Harbour redevelopment, whether we like it or not, is likely to proceed and create hundreds of jobs from 2017.  Looks like a net job gain.

Promised repeal of Newman amendments

The Bill to repeal these amendments is expected soon. This will reinstate the 2019 end date and the restricted Enterprise mine path of 337 hectares.

Bribes and compromises?

Sibelco has been busy trying to bribe the island community with financial promises in return for support for a so-called “compromise” to end sand mining in 2027. Is Sibelco relying on short memories? In 2009 CRL advised the ASX that island mineral sand mining would end by 2027, assuming expired leases were renewed. The CRL letter revealed that this in fact was an extension of 4 years. After it bought out CRL, Sibelco also sought a 2027 end date from the Bligh government. To top it off, despite its ambit claim of 2035, its own PR company Rowland revealed  the objective of Sibelco’s $1 million + political campaign before the 2012 State election, was to:-
“Achieve public endorsement by the then Queensland Opposition Leader, Campbell Newman, for the continuation of Sibelco's NSI operations until 2027” (page 4 of the Rowland Report tabled in parliament by Jackie Trad Nov, 2013).

Inquiry into legislative favours

Following the appointment of a new head of the Crime and Corruption Commision, the Government has confirmed its intention to hold a public inquiry. Specific mention has been made of the 2013 North Stradbroke legislative amendments favouring Sibelco, which in 2013 Jackie Trad labelled a “cash for legislation deal”.

----------- How to Support FOSI’s ongoing work ------------
Thank you very much to all the generous members who have made donations to Friends of Stradbroke Island in the past.
We continue to highlight the increasing environmental damage caused by land clearing, sand mining, hydrological changes, plastic and feral animals on North Stradbroke Island. Donations are integral to help fund our ongoing public information and education campaigns and to help fund relevant scientific research.
All donations to the Environment Fund are tax deductible - contact us for details.